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Imprecise Relationships

I’ve tried to be very careful in my writing about Benjamin Butler (born about 1820, probably in New York) to put the word “children” in quotes when referring to individuals living with him who were of an age to have been his children. It would probably be best to refer to these individuals as members […]

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Ancestry Updates ELCA Records and Alters Database Title

Ancestry.com recently indicated that they had updated their database which used to be titled “U.S., Evangelical Lutheran Church in America [ELCA] Church Records, 1826-1945”. It now appears to be titled  “U.S., Evangelical Lutheran Church in America [ELCA] Church Records, 1826-1969.” While researchers are always appreciative of additional records being added to a database, it’s frustrating when there is […]

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Direct or Indirect?

What is the difference between indirect evidence and direct evidence? One good example is a voter’s list. Since a person has to be a citizen to vote, your ancestor’s name appearing on a voter’s list is indirect evidence that your foreign-born ancestor naturalized (assuming that the guy on the voter’s list really is your ancestor and not another […]

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Projected Relationship

Relationship projections in DNA test results are estimations based upon shared DNA. The relationship is an estimate. The relationship stated is based on the amount of shared DNA (measured in centimorgans). The Shared cM Project has estimates of relationships based on shared centimorgans. These are estimates. These probable relationships on the Shared cM Project are based […]

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