Reminder About’s 1870 “Households”

It always goes without saying that the entire image should be referenced.

As a reminder, the “household” that includes in their 1870 census transcription does not always include everyone in the household. Speculation about who is left out is meaningless–the actual census should be read. That’s true even when one is “in a hurry” and doesn’t think the complete image will “tell you anything else.”

First of all, there’s never really a hurry when doing genealogical research in 1870. The people are all dead.

Secondly, viewing the actual record is always advised.

This 1870 census enumeration for the family of William Chaney in Southampton Township, Bedford County, Pennsylvania contains Chaney and his wife Melinda (both 49 years of age) and a nine-year old who was “apprenticed to farmer,” John Hymes. Hymes could have a relationship to the Chaneys. I simply don’t know at this point. He does not appear to be related to Chaney (based upon the married names of Chaney’s known sisters), but it is still possible John is Chaney’s relative. It’s also possible that John is related to Malinda Chaney as her family of origin is unknown. 

I have no idea why is displaying “altered” households for some 1870 households. Maybe it is to serve as a reminder to look at the actual record–but I doubt it.

Just another one of those idiosyncrasies to add to the list.



4 thoughts on “Reminder About’s 1870 “Households”

    • The census images have not been altered. It’s household member list on the index entry from that is incomplete. The census image is fine.

  1. kay majoros says:

    found my great great grandfather in the 1870s census , but cant find in in anything before that date . Why? he is not listed in any census before or after that date can you help me ? His name was David Hughes wife Sarah, and son William

  2. Always look for the actual image. Ancestry’s indexing is so poor that it can’t be trusted. In one instance the head of household’s name is indexed differently from the actual census image. Funny thing, the indexing for the other members of that household have the correct surname, and their surname is not written on the census form.

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